2019 Farm Safety Week Tip #5

Sep 20, 2019

Kylie Giesler | Ag Marketing Intern


Anhydrous Ammonia Safety:

Anhydrous ammonia is a nitrogen crop fertilizer that can cause severe chemicals burns; frostbite to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract; and death. Individuals working with this type of fertilizer should understand the potential risks, safety precautions, and the proper response in the event of an accidental accident

Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body, especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. It is important to have proper PPE and know what to do in case of an emergency.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

  • Ventless goggles or full-face shield
  • Rubber gloves with long cuffs that can be rolled up to catch drips
  • A long sleeve shirt
  • Avoid wearing contact lenses; they can trap the gas and becomes fused to the eye

Exposure Emergency:

  • Have an ample supply of clean water (5 gallons in your vehicle) to flush the exposed area, eyes and skin, nose, throat, eyes, etc., for 15 minutes
  • Although clean water is ideal for flushing exposed areas of the body, other nontoxic liquids, such as cold coffee or orange juice, can be used
  • Remove contaminated clothing unless the clothing is frozen to the victim’s skin
  • Seek medical attention immediately and inform medical staff of the exposure to anhydrous ammonia so that they will not treat the wounds with oil or ointments that can intensify damage